The first step in skin care is identifying your skin type. Is your skin normal, oily, dry, or combination? The following slides will review each type.
1. Normal Skin Care
If you have normal skin, your skin has an even and smooth skin tone, with a soft texture and nearly invisible pores. Normal skin has no visible redness, blemishes, or dry, flaky patches. The skin is neither oily nor dry.
For normal skin, wash your face once or twice daily with mild cleanser or plain soap and water to gently remove dirt or sweat.
2. Dry Skin Care
If your skin is dry, it would be rough, scaly, dull, and sometimes itchy. Pores will be nearly invisible.
For dry skin, wash your face daily with a mild cleanser, and follow with a perfume-free, alcohol-free moisturizer. Avoid taking hot showers, which can strip moisture from the skin. Dry skin is also common in the winter months when humidity is low and homes are heated with dry heat. A warm bath can help in these cases, followed by using a moisturizing cream or lotion to lock in moisture.
3. Oily Skin Care
If you have a shiny complexion, prominent pores, frequent blackheads and pimples you have oily skin. Hormones affect oil production in the skin, and stress can also trigger acne outbreaks.
For oily skin, wash your face once or twice daily with plain soap and water. If you need to cleanse your skin in-between washing, use a cleansing pad that helps dissolve oil and removes excess dirt from skin. If you have acne pimples, do not pop or squeeze them, as this can make the acne worse. Use non-comedogenic cosmetics that do not clog pores.
4. Normal/Combination Skin Care
Combination skin can be a mix of oily and dry. Your “T-Zone” (forehead, nose, and chin) may be oily while the rest of your face is dry. Pores are usually large, and blackheads are common. The skin may be very dry or very oily, and the skin on your cheeks may appear rough. Dryness may be worse during the cold weather.
For combination skin, cleanse your face two or three times daily with plain soap and water to remove excess oil. Use moisturizer on the dry areas, avoiding the oily spots.
Simple Test To Determine Your Skin Type Once And For All
When it comes to skin care, knowledge is power. To successfully battle problems like acne and wrinkles, knowing your skin type is the first important step. If you’re still unsure which category your complexion falls under, a single piece of tissue can help you finally find out.
Here’s all you have to do: Wash your face with a gentle cleanser, removing all traces of dirt, oil, and makeup. Lightly dry it with a towel and leave it completelyunmoisturized for at least one hour (avoid touching your face in the meantime as well). Next, grab a large tissue and blot it on all areas of your skin. Once this is done, it’s time to examine the results.
If the tissue shows no signs of oil and your skin looks generally healthy, congratulations—you have normal skin. If there’s no oil, but your face feels tight and flaky, this is an indicator that you suffer from dry skin. If the tissue is oily and your face looks shiny, especially on the nose, forehead and cheeks, you have oily skin. You have combination skin if you’re left with oil in the T-zone (the forehead, nose, and chin) while other areas of the face are dry. Now that you know your true skin type.